In my last post, I discussed the innovation advantages enjoyed by Congolese companies when they are part of a larger group. Start-up companies may get an even larger advantage from group membership, since they are setting up their structures from new, and don't have much experience to use.
The table shows rates of different innovation types for start-up companies, split by group membership. There is again a large advantage for subsidiaries of larger groups. Comparing with the table in my last post, it is apparent that start-up companies get more advantage from group membership than established companies in innovation in new production methods and organisational structures. These results are broadly as expected.